Grameen Bank's highly successful and Nobel Peace Prize winning microcredit program for the poor who are predominantly women is known worldwide. To realize its long-term developmental objectives, a mechanism to provide high volume risk capital was required. The Bank encountered many ideas, technologies and approaches that can lead to business which are economically compelling and socially progressive and do not fall within the scope of Grameen Bank's initial objectives of providing microcredit to the very poor. Thus a mechanism became necessary to back the commercially potential but untested businesses and manufacturing concerns that can help propel the growth of the small and medium enterprise (SME) sector. Grameen Fund was established in 1994 as a not-for-profit Company in Bangladesh to fill this risk capital gap for ventures located within Bangladesh only that promise good return on equity investments as well as direct and indirect employment generation.
Grameen Fund functions under the overall supervision of a Board of Directors which is headed by Professor Muhammad, Nobel Peace Prize winner in 2006.